Summer Masturbation Tips: Beating the Heat

Masturbation is clearly an activity for all seasons, but the summer brings with it some opportunities for a little season-specific solo fun. A man who has been following good penis care guidelines will be well-positioned to take advantage of these opportunities and add a little extra spice to his solo sexual sessions.

Some of the suggestions below involve masturbation outdoors. It's important, of course, to remember that public masturbation can bring with it trouble from the police, so men are advised to limit their outdoor stroking to private locations.

Cool it.

As every guy knows, masturbation is heavily dependent on friction. The rubbing of the penis, whether vigorous or more practiced, creates friction of varying degrees, which in turn stimulates the sensitive penile nerves and produces the sensation that makes masturbating so irresistible. But friction also produces heat, and on a hot summer night a little extra heat is the last thing a guy needs.

If engaging in a lengthy pleasure session, remember to keep things cool. Spread the legs (especially if lying down or standing up). If sitting down, stand up every so often to let some of the mid-section heat escape. If masturbating outdoors, spreading the legs can allow a nice breeze to add a pleasure-enhancing tickling sensation as well.

Cool it – again.

A more fun way to keep cool is to point a small fan directly at the crotch while masturbating. Not only will this cool the balls down, it can also add a little extra degree of stimulation that can be quite exciting.

Cool it – one more time.

Many men know that the masturbatory experience can be enhanced by a sudden change in temperature – usually by applying very cold water or ice wrapped in a towel to the balls when approaching ejaculation. This feels even better and is even more appreciated during the dog days of summer.

Lotion not lube.

Summertime is the perfect time to walk around the great outdoors in the buff. Guys who are considering this need to be sure to apply sunscreen to protect sensitive penis skin. If alone while outside, a man may be tempted to further use that lotion for lubrication. Be advised, however, that sunscreen is not made for this purpose and if it gets into the urethra is likely to produce a burning sensation.

Be husky.

Corn on the cob is a summer delight – but do not throw away the husks after shucking the ears of corn. Wrapping the husks around the penis provides a very different masturbatory sensation which some men find intensely pleasurable. For an even more unusual experience, keep the corn silk and use that as well during one's solo fun.

Enjoy a melon.

Watermelons are also at their peak in the summer – and can provide some juicy fun for a man. Simply carve a hole of the appropriate dimensions and depth in a melon, insert the penis and simulate intercourse. It's a bit messy, but definitely provides a kick.

Take the plunge.

Masturbating in the shower is one thing; masturbating in a lake or ocean is quite another. The sensation that comes from masturbating while the penis is completely submerged in water is really unique. (Again, be sure to indulge in this activity only when alone, not while others are around.)

Of course, masturbation in the summer can still be practiced in the same way as in any other season. And the season 's: Whatever whatever the method, it pays to Regularly use a top flight penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) to KEEP the manhood in tip top shape. Those who masturbate frequently and / or roughly should definitely select a crème with acetyl L carnitine, which helps protect the penis from de-sensitization due to over-enthusiastic rubbing. A crème with L-arginine is also a fine idea. L-arginine is an enzyme which helps to create the circumstances under which penile blood vessels can relax, opening them up for the rush of blood that is key to a hardy erection. Taking steps to maintain penis health will only enhance one's self-sexual encounters.

The Differences Between Indoor and Outdoor Bonsai Trees

Bonsai trees are in essence miniaturized trees that are made this way by the powers of nature for the wild bonsai varieties, or have purposely been made this way by specific pruning of the crown and roots on a constant and regular basis. The size of these miniature trees also depend on the size of the container in which they are grown in as the size of their roots are constantly kept in check. Ordinarily the plants used for bonsai use are trees but most of the bigger shrubs and plants can also be used to make bonsai plants.

Bonsai trees are indeed very beautiful works of art and have in many instances been manipulated to resemble some animals or figures. These bonsai trees are usually classified as either outdoor bonsai trees or indoor bonsai trees. The outdoor bonsai variety can usually stand a cold winter while the indoor bonsai trees usually come from the tropics and must be kept in climate similar hence their use indoors. Indoor bonsai trees can be beautiful focal points inside houses or offices and can easily be considered for use as decorative art pieces.

The Ideal Plants for Indoor Bonsai Trees

Larger plants can be used for bonsai planting however there are some that are recommended or more ideal for beginners simply because they grow quite easily and do not die quite as easily. These indoor bonsai trees are the schefflera, sago palms, aralias, gardenias, serissa, fukien tea, bougainvillea, bush cherry including some types of elms. These trees are the most ideal indoor bonsai trees for first time bonsai enthusiasts or beginners; some other bonsai trees may be better off being grown outdoors primarily due to a couple of factors that affect the plants in some way such as their need to shed leaves during the winter.

The indoor bonsai trees that are ideal for the indoors are from the tropical and sub-tropical regions, so they will have more of a need for the morning and afternoon sun. Making sure that they also have sufficient exposure so that they will grow steadily and uniformly despite being grown indoors is a prime necessity. These particular types of indoor bonsai trees are not likely to do so well if left exposed to the cold during winter (if grown in cold and temperate regions) since they originate from the tropics, and exposure to cold winter weathers may lead to their easy deaths .

It is common knowledge it most indoor That the bonsai of trees can be Easily Treated by pretty much in the SAME manner color : as most house plants, indoor plants being after all. Similarly the most common need is to just water when the soil in the pots starts to feel dry and in addition they should be exposed to late or early sunlight often. The use of fluorescent and incandescent lights should be sufficient to meet this need for some indoor bonsai trees.

Bonsai need to be re-potted at least every two years, usually around spring and during these times some maintenance steps need to be taken. Roots need to be pruned during re-potting to keep the bonsai relatively small and not allow it to grow more than it needs to. The new pot will need to have the same drainage holes as the old one, or you can re-pot it in the old one if this is desired. Drainage features needs to keep the roots from water rot which is common in potted plants.

The indoor bonsai tree itself will need pruning and pinching to keep its original shape or to the shape that is ideally needed. These maintenance steps are normally done during and throughout spring seasons within the locale in order to keep the trees growth under control.

A Few Simple Tips To Ensure You Get The Best Out Of Your Outdoor Bonsai Trees

Without a doubt many people are very interested to take up the hobby of growing miniature bonsai trees for indoors simply because of the benefits that it provides in terms of simplicity and for the reasons of decoration, however there are some people that would much rather grow their bonsai trees out door as they tend to find this a much more appealing activity.

There is in fact actually no great difference between the indoor and outdoor bonsai trees, and even the style is also pretty much the same; what differentiates them though, is the scale, which is larger and the difference in the environment that they grow around. In fact there are two types of outdoor bonsai trees, namely the evergreens (such as junipers and pines) and the deciduous varieties (such as oak trees) which lose their leaves during the fall or autumn seasons and re-bud during the spring. The ability to be able to pot them in any outdoor pots makes them an easy choice for many.

Precautions to be taken during the Winter for Outdoor Bonsai Trees

Yet another distinct feature of outdoor bonsai trees is their inability to grow indoors for long or extended periods of time but must also not be allowed to freeze during the cold winter months. This, in addition for the need to properly water and maintain outdoor bonsai trees is a very important aspect that needs to closely followed. Many beginners can quite easily be fooled by the look of top soil that looks dry but in fact still holds moisture in them. The moment the outdoor bonsai trees are planted, it is important to keep a close eye on the water level and this will require that you poke the soil with your fingers at a depth of about an inch to be able to determine how much moisture the soil really has in it.

It is a must that dry soil is not be allowed, and it is a requirement that you immediately water it thoroughly while you may need to measure the water levels every two weeks which should be enough to ensure that there is proper moisture in the soil. However, during the winter months you can quite safely relax on the watering periods, but you should ensure that watering is only done when the temperature is hovers at at least forty five degrees or more.

While maintaining your outdoor bonsai trees, there is also it is also important to note that your trees need to be fertilized and depending on the types of fertilizer used, the quantity and frequency should be sufficient enough to make sure that the trees growth is maintained in line with the recommended norms. By fertilizing every fortnight this should suffice for keeping your trees within the growing parameters, however you should also take note that fertilizing during the winter is a big No-No. The type of fertilizer to be used does not make too much of a difference for most varieties of trees but the use of liquid fertilizer on the foliage can be considered by most as the ideal course action during the fertilization process.

Other than the need to fertilize the soil of the outdoor bonsai trees, it is also a requirement to prune and trim the trees using the specialized tree trimmers or sharp shears for deciduous trees, and this always be kept in mind. Careful grooming and maintenance of your bonsai trees should be kept in mind as this will help improve the health and look of your outdoor bonsai trees.

By following these simple tips and advice, should ensure that you will enjoy your hobby and have a lot fun taking care of your outdoor bonsai trees as they grow to reach their full potential.

Starting a Cabela Retail Franchise

Cabala is a very famous store that caters to people who love the outdoors. Before you think about starting a retail store you must consider these things.

1. Is there a need for a Cabela franchise in your local community? You do not want to open a retail franchise in an area where it will not be profitable. You should go out and interview people and see if they know what type of merchandise they carry and if they would shop at the story that you are thinking of starting. Market research is crucial to knowing where to think about starting a Cabela retail franchise.

2. Evaluate how much knowledge you have of Cabela products. You need to have prior knowledge of the products that you will sell before you think about starting a retail store. These are some of the products that their franchise would carry: archery equipment, hunting equipment, ATV accessories, camping equipment, shooting gear, hunting dog accessories, clothing, fishing equipment, and boating equipment.

3. Compile a list of states that do not have a Cabela's if one of their retail franchises is not needed in your area. This would require moving to another state but if you are really serious about your idea, then it is well worth the sacrifice in the long run. Here are examples of states where there are no franchises: Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Alaska, New Mexico, New Hampshire, and Oregon. These states all have consumers who could need a retail franchise in their state because many people love the outdoors. Many people who love the outdoors do not want to order everything they need online, they want to be able to see and touch the items that they need before they purchase them.

4. Assess your financial situation. In order to start a franchise you need start up capital and usually that requires a business loan. You need to know if you have good enough credit to secure a business loan. You also need to examine how this franchise would affect your household's finances.

5. Find potential investors or partners to help fund your franchise. This will help alleviate some of the financial burden on you. It also helps you if you can not secure a large enough business loan to give you the necessary startup capital that is necessary.

6. Before you ask for a business loan, see how much the entire start up of a franchise in the location that you have chosen will cost. This will allow you to properly budget and ask for the correct amount of money from the bank.

Cabela's have been around since 1961. The company is even listed on the New York Stock Exchange and in 2006 sent out over 135 million catalogs to consumers. In the second quarter of 2008 their total revenue was 526 million dollars which is an increase of 16.6%. If you decide to start a retail franchise and find the perfect location, necessary startup capital, and skilled and knowledgeable employees, then you will have a recipe for a profitable business. And remember, franchising is the best kept secret of the 21st Century!

Live Sound Mixing Outdoors

Live Sound Problem Areas

Some of the problems of live sound mixing inside are reflections and the standing waves created by the dimensions and shape of the rooms and the position of the stage in the room. This changes with an outdoor venue. There may be few or no reflections with an outdoor stage. If there are reflections, there is usually a much longer delay before they return to the stage. Sometimes specific frequencies will reflect from some surface but other frequencies will not be reflected to the same extent.

Often there will be less problems with feedback on an open outdoor stage. If there is a roof it is usually higher than in a club stage situation. Also there may be no walls or just a back wall to reflect sounds back to the microphones. Inside stages with close walls and ceiling can reflect sound back to the microphones whereas outside this is often not a problem.

There are likely to be cancellation and reinforced areas that are dependent on speaker location. These will be more predictable with outdoor sound. If you use a stack on either side of the stage including subs there will be strong low end in the center of the venue but there will also be cancellation points off center on each side, usually between the center-line and the stacks. From a position directly in front of either stack you may hear the actual balance of the mix.

What is needed for Outdoor Shows

Depending on the style of music and the volume desired a sound system may require more power and more speakers for an outdoor show. You may also need to mike some things that are not needed in a club venue. Outdoor stages are often bigger than the stages in clubs, so you will not have as much bleed into the vocal mikes and other live mikes on stage. If you have the proper equipment it is easier to mix outdoors because you are not fighting the sound problems inherit in a room.

You may need to have an input from each instrument as well as your vocal mikes. You may also find benefit when working out doors to put up overhead mikes on the drum kit. Cymbals may bleed into vocal mikes on a club stage but may be lost on an outdoor stage. Also miking each individual drum will give you more control if you have the mikes and channels available. Guitars and keyboards may need to be in the mix for balance and dispersion. Many guitar cabinets tend to be beamy and the sound can drop off axis often dependent on frequency.

The monitor system may also need to be stronger for a large outdoor stage. Musicians may need more things in their monitors for timing. More monitor mixes are also desirable for outdoor venues. Usually for events other than concerts four mixes will work well. A stage right, center stage, stage left, and drum mix will allow you to give the musicians what they need to hear in most cases.

Have a Good Show

I have heard many people say that they think outdoor gigs are hard. The real secret is to have enough PA for the gig and venue. I much prefer to mix outdoors, but I have the necessary level of equipment available for the jobs that I take. A live stereo recording of an outdoor gig with enough mikes and equipment can be very good.

Outdoor Ceiling Fans

If you're like me and you're looking to beat the heat this summer, you might want to think about installing a ceiling fan in your outdoor patio area. If you're also like me, you might be completely in the dark as to which and what kind of ceiling fan you're going to need. Here are some helpful tips that will not only allow you to enjoy your summer in comfort, but at the same time get the most from your fan.

The first thing you need to make sure of is that the fan you purchase is actually made for outdoors. You may not know this, but ceiling fans are actually designed for indoor / outdoor use. Outdoor fans are actually given certain ratings such as damp or wet ratings, and if you're going to be installing your ceiling fan where the elements can get to it, you had better be sure that your fan is rated as such.

A damp rating means quite simply that the fan can sustain humidity or a light drizzle, not hard rain. Damp-rated fans are best suited where there is ample cover. This will assure that your product does not get soaked and thus damaged by rain.

A wet-rated fan on the other hand is made to sustain direct rain. Such fans do not have to be installed in a covered area, but can be a bit more expensive. Thoroughly survey your outdoor area to see which type better suits you. And remember, putting an indoor fan outdoors can lead to hazards like electrical shorts.

Out door fans are usually sealed-up completely tight to resist other elements like dirt and dust. Yes, over time dirt and dust can collect in the motor and eventually cause the fan to lock up completely. This will cause the motor to burn out and ruin the fan. Besides dirt and dust, bees can be a problem. A ceiling fan that is not sealed-up tight can become a home for bees and wasps. Their nests can also lead to motor failure and eventual destruction of the fan.

When looking for an outdoor fan, do not just take the manufacturer's word for it. Just because it says outdoor fan on the box does not mean it will necessarily stand the test of time. Things to look for in a quality outdoor ceiling fan:

  • Higher-grade wiring with added sealant.
  • Components such as screws are made not of low-grade steel or aluminum but instead are constructed of stainless steel.
  • Inquire about the finish on the motor. What this means is that the finish or casing around the motor should be made of some type of weather-resistant coating, like a powder coating. If not a high-grade powder coating, then at least stainless steel.
  • DO NOT, I repeat, DO NOT buy an outdoor ceiling fan that has blades made of plywood. No matter how good they may look, blades made from wood of any kind have a tendency to deteriorate under the elements. Heat and humidity will over time cause such blades to crack and eventually rot, not to mention constant problems with mold accumulation. Look for a ceiling fan with blades made of ABS plastic, or fiberglass. Both are extremely durable substances and both resist warping as well as cracking.
  • If you decide to add a lighting fixture to your fan, be sure that the lights are sealed properly and designed for outdoor use. A light designed for outdoor use will be sealed properly and water-resistant to a minimum of damp rating.

If you follow these simple procedures, your ceiling fans should enjoy a long life in the great outdoors. Of course, if you find an outdoor fan you really like and want to put it indoors, that's OK too. But remember, while an outdoor fan is always suited for indoor use, the opposite is not necessarily true. When choosing your outdoor fan, try not to be too frugal. While getting the most for your money is always a wise choice, spending too little and getting a cheaper model will cost you more over time. Most electricians charge anywhere from $ 100- $ 150 to install a fan, and if your fan breaks down on you, you're not only going to have to come out-of-pocket for the new fans themselves, you're going to have to pay extra for installation. Be frugal, but be smart. A good outdoor ceiling fan can last ten years or more, and make those hit summer months ever-so more enjoyable.

Outdoor TV Options Compared

When planning for an Outdoor TV or Digital Signage display you have 3 choices to compare, standard TV, Weatherproof TV, Outdoor TV Enclosure. I will attempt to give you a brief overview of the options. The best advice is to do your research to be sure you understand the options and to make the proper choice for your application.

As Americans continue their migration to warm weather states industries associated with outdoor living have seen a significant growth in business as well. Companies that supply outdoor kitchens, outdoor furniture, outdoor entertainment and landscaping have experience a steadily growing market during the past decade. We relocate to more tempered climates to enjoy the outdoors for longer stretches of time. Even in the colder northern states we see growth in outdoor living. Since my expertise is in Audio Video Integration I will focus this writing on a growing segment of the market, outdoor TV.

Over my 20 year career in Home and Commercial entertainment products outdoor TV screens went from a small majority of wealthy clients to basically a standard feature in every home. The desire to extend living space outdoors, watch the game while barbecuing some burgers or maybe watch a night time movie while relaxing on your patio has been a driving force in the expansion of outdoor living products.

Going back to my early experience with outdoor TV the only choice we had was to select an inexpensive TV, do our best to protect it from the elements and hope for the best as far as durability and longevity. A few TV mounting manufacturers introduced protective outdoor enclosures but the pricing was very high and again only for the wealthy. When you combined the high price of Plasma or LCD TV's at the time with the high price of the TV enclosure the cost became prohibitive for all but a few clients.

When placing a standard TV the expected lifespan of the TV was greatly reduced due to moisture and particle infiltration in to the electronics and possible damage to the TV from airborne debris. Some clients had great luck and their TV's lasted for a few years. Many were not so lucky. That is one reason the market was restrained to the more wealthy clients who could afford to replace their outdoor TV when necessary. Of course TV manufacturers would void any warranty on an indoor TV used in outdoor conditions. This is still the case today.

You have three options for outdoor TV and Commercial Digital Signage applications.

1) As discussed above, purchase an inexpensive indoor TV and hope for the best.

2) Purchase a value added third party weatherized outdoor TV.

3) Purchase an outdoor TV enclosure.

There are pros and cons with each solution. I would suggest that you do your research to select the best solution for your application.

Option # 1, Standard TV placed outdoors ;

The main change from what we have already discussed with option # 1 is the huge reduction in the price of flat panel TV's. Anyone who purchased one 10 years ago and has gone shopping for a new TV has experienced this first hand. Beyond that the same potential issues still exist. If you choose this option be prepared for the possibility that your TV may just go "poof" one day never to shine again. Ironically this of course will occur in the middle of the game or during the climactic scene of the movie neither of which is a fun experience. I can not tell you how many times we would get calls from clients whose TV's decided to stop working at the worst possible times.

Option # 1 Summary; for those with a limited budget and that have a bit of a gambler in them this is the right solution. Just keep in mind that the clock is ticking from the first day you mount your TV outside. I would recommend buying a new TV for your family room and moving the old TV outdoors. It will hurt much less when it decides to go "poof" on you.

Option # 2 Weatherproof TV;

As the market for outdoor living continued its growth a few companies introduced the Weatherproof TV. The weatherproof TV offers an attractive self contained package that fits nicely into most designs. Most of the weatherproof TV models offered were from "value added manufactures". These are manufacturing companies that take an already existing product and customize it for more specialized applications.

The process;

1) utilize a standard indoor TV

2) disassemble it

3) weatherize the components

4) reassemble it under their brand name.

One outdoor TV manufacturer lists; LG, Hitachi, Vizio, JVC, and Hisense as "model donors" for their TV's.

The weatherproof TV offers a solution to the protection from rain or water infiltration but offers little or no protection against vandalism or airborne debris striking the screen. A review of their websites shows no mention of the protection capabilities of the

The weatherproof TV also comes at a premium price. The price could be 5 times or more of the price of a standard TV. This is still the case today. While these TV's offer protection against the weather they.

Here is an example from the Best Buy website on 9-10-2014.

Outdoor TV – SunBrite TV Signature Series – 55 "Class – LED – 1080p – 60Hz – HDTV $ 4,100.00.

Standard TV – VIZIO E-Series – 55 "Class – LED – 1080p – 120Hz – Smart – HDTV $ 680.00.

Option # 2 Summary; when design aesthetics are the most important element of your project, price / budget is not a concern and protection from vandals or debris is not an issue then the weatherproof TV is the right choice.

Option # 3; Outdoor TV Enclosure;

In recent years a popular alternative has emerged, the outdoor TV enclosure or outdoor TV cabinet. The benefit of the outdoor TV cabinet it that you can place any flat screen TV outdoors and have it protected from the elements and potential vandalism. The pricing on these units range from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars depending on the size, quality and level of protection offered.

Let's take our 55 "TV from above at $ 680.00. The price for a weatherproof, vandal resistant outdoor TV cabinet will range from $ 1000 to $ 2000. Add that to the price of the TV and you're still well below the cost of the weatherproof TV . When we look at commercial applications for restaurants, sporting facilities, digital advertising where multiple displays are required the potential savings could be substantial.

The two main construction materials used for the enclosure / cabinet are;

1) Polyethylene, is the most common plastic. Polyethylene is a thermoplastic polymer consisting of long hydrocarbon chains. a durable plastic with good outdoor use properties.

2) Powder Coated Steel, Powder coated products are more resistant to diminished coating quality as a result of impact, moisture, chemicals, utraviolet light, and other extreme weather conditions. In turn, this reduces the risk of scratches, chipping, abrasions, corrosion, fading, and other wear issues.

The proper research to address your specific requirements is required you ensure you make the correct choice.

Outdoor Plastic Cabinet

Pros; plastic is waterproof, durable, large operating temperature and light weight.

Cons; the material can not support heavy loads and has then tendency to flex or bend in larger sizes. This limits its effectiveness to smaller size TV's.

Steel Cabinet

Pros; waterproof, strong rigid material, large operating temperature, durable when powder coated, can be manufactured to accommodate large TV's.

Cons; steel cabinets are heavier than the plastic enclosures.

Polycarbonate

Pros; strong material, used in bullet proof glass applications.

Cons; lower light transmission then glass, tendency to scratch which can not be repaired, will yellow over prolonged exposure to sunlight, high reflection and glare from the material.

Optically Bonded Tempered Glass

Cons; heavier then polycarbonate, will shatter with severe impact

Pros; high visibility, high light transmission, hard to scratch, can repair scratches, low reflection.

Option # 3 Summary, when a balance between performance and appearance is required there is no better choice than an Outdoor TV Enclosure.

Turkey Fryers – Electric or Propane?

Given the proximity of the up coming holidays, many people have been considering deep frying a turkey for the first time. There are many different kinds of turkey fryers out there to choose from. Primarily outdoor propane deep fryers or indoor counter top electric fryers. The differences between an outdoor deep fryer and an electric fryer vary greatly. We will start with electric turkey fryers.

First and foremost, electric fryers are made for indoors. You can take your electric fryer outdoors to use one day at a time. But you should bring it back indoors once everything has cooled, and put it away. It should never be left out on your patio like a backyard grill. The morning dew alone is enough to ruin the inner workings of an electric deep fryer.

You can take an electric deep fryer camping if you have electricity, but you can forget about tailgating with one unless you have a generator.

An electric turkey fryer can be a large counter top deep fryer. My first fryer was an electric counter top turkey fryer. It not only fries small turkeys as well as deep frying anything you want, but you can also steam and boil with it. I've been known to make Low Country Boil right in my house in the middle of the winter.

Not all so-called electric turkey fryers, are actually deep fryers. These units work with high radiant heat. They technically roast, not deep fry. There is really no oil involved. Less mess to clean up. You can roast other meats in these units, but you can not fry up a batch of french fries in one of these.

Most electric turkey fryers have a safety shut off feature if the oil becomes too hot. They mostly all have a thermometer or temperature gauge as well. This is a great feature because most of these units will tell you that your oil is up to temperature by a light on the gauge or unit. This is also good if you are frying things other than turkey. If you are frying up multiple batches of things, like Buffalo wings or onion rings, you should always let your oil come back up to temperature between batches.

Now, speaking of oil temperatures, electric fryers do take longer to heat oil than outdoor propane deep fryers. It also takes longer between batches to come back up to temperature. You want fried crispy food, not oil logged greasy food. So pay attention to your oil temperatures. Do not get hasty and put food in before it's time.

Lastly, you do not have to worry about the kids and the dog needing to have somewhere else to play. Odds are they are not playing on the counter top or in the kitchen, so the odds of your indoor electric turkey fryer getting knocked over by a game of soccer or football are next to nil.

Now we've discussed electric turkey fryers. Let's move on to outdoor propane turkey fryers.

There is the issue of LP gas. You must have a propane tank to cook with, but this affords portability and versatility. You can go anywhere! The beach, camping, tailgating, or even just a different place in your back yard. And speaking of versatility a traditional turkey fryer consists of a stock pot and an outdoor propane cooker. Not only can you deep fry with them, you can stew, boil and steam food. You can make chili for a cold weather camp out or have a New England clam bake right in your back yard. Always make sure you have an extra LP tank around, just in case.

Have you ever deep fried food in your house? The fact that your outdoors is great, because now your whole house will not smell like you deep fried a turkey two or three days later.

Even though you are outdoors there are still safety features to keep in mind. You always want to be on stable, sturdy ground, and not near any buildings or materials that can catch fire. The kids and the dog will now have to find a different place to play than where you are set up. If it rains you can not take your outdoor turkey fryer indoors. Do not take it on the porch or in the garage, as this could just end in a really bad day !!!

Frying oil will heat faster with a propane fryer than an electric one. Even after you put a whole turkey in the oil, it takes a significantly less time to come back up to temperature, than if you were using electricity. Most traditional outdoor fryers do not have a built-in temperature gauge though. You need a deep fryer thermometer and you need to monitor your temps. There will be no little light telling you that the oil is ready. There is no safety shut off either. Again you need to monitor your temperatures and turn your regulator valve down if need be.

Traditional turkey fryers always run the risk of overflow and flare ups. This can occur if placing the bird too quickly into the fryer, or if it is wet or not properly thawed. A way to avoid the danger of overflow and flare ups is to get a safer fryer. These units typically have the flame on the back side and self-contained fire tubes. Any overflow that may occur would happen at the front of the unit. No hot oil or flame should ever come in contact. All the same safety precautions should still be taken. Like having an all-purpose fire extinguisher handy at all times and protective gloves.

Electric or propane, indoors or outdoors, you should never use water on a hot oil fire.

Never leave your fryer unattended, indoors or outdoors.

Whether you decide on an indoor electric turkey fryer or an outdoor propane deep fryer, weigh your options, research, and make an informed decision. Which fryer is best? That decision can only be made by you.

Pig Farming – Indoors Or Out?

Although there are as many systems of pig production as there are individual farms, these can be divided into two major types: indoor or outdoor pig production.

Indoor pigs farms feature herds of pigs kept in a relatively small, closely controlled area, usually with some form of climate control, often with liquid feeding systems, and (increasingly) 'high health ". These systems are often referred to as factory' or 'intensive' production.

Outdoor pigs feature breeding pigs (sows and litters) being kept on free-draining arable fields for one or two years per site, using 'arks' and electric fencing. More than a third of the UK herd are now being kept this way, with an increasing number of pigs being raised to slaughter weight outdoors too.

Both systems have their 'pros' and 'cons': let's start by examining the positive features of both.

Indoors you have the advantage of environmental control: piglets can be born and raised at the right temperature; adult animals can be kept cool in the summer and warmer in the winter – they also do not get the opportunity to get sunburnt; and airflow, especially the occurrence of draughts, so detrimental to pig health, can be controlled. You can also control the feed intake of housed pigs, and are better able to reduce wastage (so important in these days of increasing feed costs) – it's also easy to install computer controlled feeding methods, such as automatic sow feeders and liquid feeding for fattening stock. Indoor farms tend to be more productive than outdoors given the ability to control feed and environment – it's possible to achieve a greater level of supervision and measurement and therefore control of the many variables in an indoor situation. It's also possible to establish and maintain a high health status for your herd, significantly reducing disease risks and challenges.

Outdoors though, you'd benefit from much reduced capital costs, lower running costs, a real marketing benefit in these days when 'freedom food', 'outdoor bred' and even 'organic' hold sway over consumers who might be persuaded to part with a premium price for such environmental friendliness. There is a perception of higher welfare in operation for the outdoor pig (more natural, better able to express it's 'inner pig'. Finally there's the very real advantage of using pigs as a 'break crop' 'cleaning' and fertilising a piece of arable land in need of weeding and refreshing.

Great advantages, but what about the downsides?

Indoors, the set up costs are three times higher (on a per sow basis) than for an outdoor unit. Energy costs are high, and slurry disposal can be a problem (although welcomed by the arable boys once spread and incorporated into the soil), and certainly a significant cost. The high population density of an intensive farm has it's own problems too: diseases spread like wild-fire should they gain access to the herd, and the smell can get offensive, especially on hot days. Welfare considerations are very important too – it's easier to fall foul of the law indoors than out (stocking densities and environmental enrichment come to mind).

Outdoors, the biggest problems are lower productivity and extremes of weather (on my outdoor unit I watched water freeze as it came out of a four inch valve on a bowser one winter). Getting quality staff is an increasing problem too – every day outside is not necessarily idyllic. Vermin control and the health status of the herd is a potential problem too, as is the management of the feeding herd should that be kept outdoors (appetite control, feed conversion, growth rates and feed wastage will all be big challenges that will need a healthy premium price to justify).

There you have it. "Swings and roundabouts" as they say – "six of one and half a dozen of the other". Maybe the best is a compromise – well-designed buildings and slurry management systems, with pipeline fed fat pigs (using dairy waste for example), loose housing and lots of straw. Throw in some high welfare features like Electronic Sow Feeders and plenty of environmental enrichment, and maintain a high health status, then maybe you'll have the best of both worlds? One thing I know for sure is that pigs get as miserable as we do on snowy, icy, wet and windy days, and, like us, they find draughts and high temperature equally uncomfortable.

Outdoor Ceiling Fans

If you are planning on installing a ceiling fan in an outdoor location, it is important to purchase a fan that is designed specifically for that purpose. If you install an indoor fan in an outdoor area it is likely to short out (which can be hazardous) or simply break down prematurely. Outdoor ceiling fans are designed differently than indoor ceiling fans because they need to be able to the forces of mother nature.

Here are some of the ways that outdoor ceiling fans differ from those made for indoors:

  1. The decorative motor casing is either sealed or designed to prevent water or moisture from coming in contact with the actual motor inside.
  2. The wiring is a higher grade with additional shielding.
  3. Screws and other components are typically made of stainless steel.
  4. The finish on the motor casing and hardware is usually a weather resistant powder coat, stainless steel, or has some additional protective coating that can handle exposure to the elements.
  5. The blades are likely made of ABS plastic rather than plywood. ABS is a very strong durable material that resists warping and discoloration from moisture or UV exposure.
  6. Light fixtures are sealed on top and designed for outdoors
  7. The mounting hardware is either water tight or designed to prevent water from entering from above.

There are 2 types of outdoor ceiling fans , those rated for DAMP locations and those rated for WET locations. There is a notable difference between the two and it is important that you choose the right type for your application. In either case, make sure the fan you purchase is UL Listed for the application you need so that you know it can be safely installed without creating a potential electrical hazard.

Here are the differences between the two types of outdoor fans:

Damp rated outdoor fans are designed to handle moisture but not direct contact with rain or running water. Therefore, a damp rated outdoor ceiling fan can be installed in a covered area such as a patio or screened in porch or other areas that are protected from rain or dripping water.

Wet rated outdoor fans are designed to handle direct exposure to rain. They can be installed in virtually any indoor or outdoor location, covered or uncovered. So you can install a wet rated outdoor ceiling fan in an open gazebo, lattice covered lanai or other similar shade structure as well as under a covered porch or patio. Because wet rated outdoor fans are pretty much water tight, you can actually clean them by hosing them off … which is a great reason to buy a wet rated fan even if all you need is a damp rated model.

Commonly asked questions about outdoor fans:

Can an outdoor ceiling fan be installed indoors ?

Yes, you can install an outdoor fan in your living room or any other room in your home where you want a fan. Many people will do this simply because they like the look of a particular outdoor fan. Also, outdoor fans are highly recommended for laundry rooms and bathrooms or any other room inside your home that that tends to have excessive moisture. In more humid climates, outdoor fans are a great choice for every room in the home.

I live in a very windy area and have had problems with blades breaking off … are there any outdoor fans that are made to handle high winds?

High winds can in fact sheer the blades off a ceiling fan, particularly cheaper models that use lightweight materials. Usually it is the metal blade holders that attach the blades to the fan that break rather than the blades themselves. So if you are in an area prone to high winds, outdoor fans that do not have blade holders are your best choice. If the fan is to be installed in an area that is 9 feet high or less, a hugger style outdoor fan is even better. Perfect example of A color : such a fan is the Minka Aire Concept II Wet , Which is one 's of the very few outdoor fans That meet this criteria.

Are there any outdoor fans that are designed to be taken down easily or that have blades that are easy to take off when a storm is coming?

This is a very common question. Unfortunately the answer is no. There are no ceiling fans designed with a "Quick Disconnect" mechanism or with blades that snap on and off. However, I suppose that if any fan manufacturer came up with such a fan it would be a big seller.

Running wires and installing a junction box can be difficult in many outdoor applications. Are there any outdoor ceiling fans that are battery operated?

Although DC powered ceiling fans are now in fact available, they are not yet powerful enough to handle the needs of outdoor applications, nor are they being designed to work from batteries. Currently, most DC powered ceiling fans use an AC / DC converter, so they still require electrical wiring. However, I would look for this to change in the near future … most likely in the next year or two.

Can a remote control be added to an outdoor ceiling fan?

Most add-on remotes or wall controls are not rated for use outdoors, so unless the control is specifically designed for the fan you are considering and is rated for the correct application (Damp or Wet), then you should not use it. If a remote control or wall control is important to you, look for outdoor fans that have such a control included with the fan.

Can any light fixture be added to an outdoor ceiling fan?

No. Just as ceiling fans are rated for Damp or Wet locations, so are the light fixtures that are used with them. Make sure you purchase a light fixture that is made by the manufacturer of the fan and that has the same rating. If you want an outdoor fan with a light fixture, your best bet is to purchase one comes with one, this way you can be certain they are compatible.

Indoor Furniture, Outdoor Furniture – What's the Difference?

In the world of furniture manufacturing, there are companies that specialize in indoor furniture, outdoor furniture and between the two there is a limited amount of crossover. Outdoor furniture is built differently than the indoor variety, and while you can always use outdoor furniture inside, the opposite is not always the case. If you are debating moving some furniture for outside for a party or a much longer period of time, know what should and should not be used, and what can be made over to better handle the elements.

Be a material girl:
You do not have to be Madonna to figure out that some materials are better suited for the outdoors than others, depending on type of furniture. Outdoor materials need to be sturdy enough to withstand variant temperatures, a certain amount of moisture from rain, dew, etc. and humidity.

Common sense dictates that there are certain materials that should never be taken outside, unless you're absolutely sure that the weather will be perfect. For instance, carpeting is a disaster when it gets wet. It takes forever to dry, and can mold, and it also gets really stiff when it's cold. That's why rugs not meant for the outside should stay inside. Likewise, materials like suede, fleece, and dry-only materials should also not be taken outside. Companies manufacture cushion and deep seating fabrics that mimic the feel of more luxurious materials, but are fully waterproof.

Then there are certain pieces that can go outdoors for limited periods of time before you have to worry. Wicker, for instance, though technically considered patio furniture, is not that strong and holds up much better in sunrooms and away from prolonged exposure to sun and rain. Then there are things like thin pottery, ceramic and plastic pieces that are waterproof but not suitable as furniture, outdoor or in. They are not strong enough to withstand extreme temperature changes or strong, inclement weather. Untreated metal is also okay to get wet for short periods, but for much longer than that and you risk it rusting.

Then there are those materials intended for use as outdoor furniture. Outdoor materials are especially hearty but still look visually pleasing. Examples of tables, chairs, planters, and more can be seen made out of the following: treated wood and hardwoods, galvanized metal, powder-coated metal (aluminum, wrought iron, zinc hardware), stone and cement (as tables, benches and umbrella stands), marbles, clay and reinforced ceramics (as planter pots), poly resin plastics and waterproof nylon (used in canopies and as cushion covers).

This list only begins to scratch the surface of the multitude of materials that make up our lives. In all, use your best judgment about whether something can go outdoors. Take into account weather patterns. If it's really nice out, you can be more lenient about what you take outside as furniture. Outdoor conditions can change rapidly, though, so keep an eye out.

Treating Wood
The best thing you can repurpose for use as indoor furniture / outdoor furniture is wood. It's no more difficult than adding some varnish and it might save you from unnecessarily buying all new furniture. To begin with, take a look at the wood you're working with. Stay away from old wood that's in bad condition, as it will deteriorate at an even more rapid pace once taken outside. Next, check what species of wood you have. Some of the naturally stronger woods, like teak, pine, cedar and cypress, are great for the outside. These woods are already strong and durable on their own and require little extra protection. More delicate woods will require extra sealant and even then they probably will not last as long outside as hardwoods.

To begin the weatherproofing process, you will need to cover wood with a fade-proof, UV-resistant finish. Sand away any lacquer that may already exist on your furniture. Whatever finish is on there is most likely intended for inside, and while it will give furniture a high gloss shine, it's not the right kind of varnish that will protect it from moisture and the outdoor elements. After the surface is smooth, even and clean you can apply a sealant, usually an oil-based varnish, unless you're working with a wood that produces its own oils, like teak and cedar furniture. Outdoor atmospheric elements will dry out wood more quickly than furniture that's kept indoors, so it's important to protect the surface and heartwood against cracking, rotting and warping. Once that's complete, you're good to go. From then on, simply oil and clean your wood furniture once to twice a year to keep it healthy.